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Hryhorii Skovoroda / Ivan Kotliarevsky / Taras Shevchenko /Panteleimon Kulish / Ivan Franko / Lesya Ukrainka / Volodymyr Vynnychenko / Pavlo Tychyna / Mykola Khvylovy / Mykola Kulish / Mykola Bazhan / Olena Teliha / Lina Kostenko

Pavlo Tychyna (b, 27 January 1891, Pisky, Kozelets uezd, Chernigov Guberniya – d. September 16, 1967, Kiev) was a major Ukrainian poet. His initial work had strong connections to the symbolist literary movement, but his style transformed a number of times during his long career and frequently aped the acceptable socialist realism. His first works exploded onto the avant-garde Ukrainian scene with their colorful imagery and dynamic rhythms. However, as the Communist approach to artistic expression hardened and the role of a state-supported artist became more defined and restricted, Tychyna's poetry shifted rather dramatically, using clear pro-Communist political language, including a famous ode to Stalin, and the lyrics of the state anthem of the Ukrainian SSR. Tychyna was often criticized by Ukrainian exiles for the praising of Communism in his work and co-option by the regime, but recent scholarship has stressed his subtle distancing and mocking of Communist excesses and brutality through over-the-top suffusive praise.

Born in Pisky in 1891, in 1913 Tychnya graduated from the Chernigov Theological Seminary. That year he began studying at the Kiev Commercial Institute. At the same time, he worked on the editorial boards of the Kiev newspapers Rada and Svitlo.

 

After an immediate success with his poetry, in 1923 he moved to Kharkiv (Kharkov), entering the vibrant world of early post-Revolution Ukrainian literary organizations. In 1923 he joined the organization Hart and in 1927 the famed Vaplite. Controversies about the ideological tendencies of Vaplite and the content of several of Tychnya's poems led to him being criticized for ideological reasons. As a response, Tychyna transformed the style and content of his poetry, adapting to the increasingly repressive political circumstances.

Major works: Clarinets of the Sun, (1918); The Plow, (1919); Instead of Sonnets and Octaves, (1920); The Party is our Guide (1934); Feelings of One Unified Family, (1938); Song of Youth, (1938); Steel and Tenderness, (1941);
We Are Going into Battle, (1941); Funeral of a Friend, (1942); The Day Will Come, (1943); To Grow and Act (1949)

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